Science Gateways Made Easy: The In-VIGO Approach

TitleScience Gateways Made Easy: The In-VIGO Approach
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsMatsunaga, A, Tsugawa, M, Adabala, S, Figueiredo, RJ, Lam, H, Fortes, JAB
JournalConcurrency and Computation: Practice and Experience
KeywordsGrid computing, Grid service, science gateway, virtualization
AbstractScience gateways require the easy enabling of legacy scientific applications on computing Grids and the generation of user-friendly interfaces that hide the complexity of the Grid from the user. This paper presents the In-VIGO approach to the creation and management of science gateways. First, we discuss the virtualization of machines, networks and data to facilitate the dynamic creation of secure execution environments that meet application requirements. Then we discuss the virtualization of applications, i.e. the execution on shared resources of multiple isolated application instances with customized behavior, in the context of In-VIGO. A Virtual Application Service (VAS) architecture for automatically generating, customizing, deploying, and using virtual applications as Grid services is then described. Starting with a grammar-based description of the command-line syntax, the automated process generates the VAS description and the VAS implementation (code for application encapsulation and data binding) that is deployed and made available through a Web interface. A VAS can be customized on a per-user basis by restricting the capabilities of the original application or by adding to it features such as parameter sweeping. This is a scalable approach to the integration of scientific applications as services into Grids and can be applied to any tool with an arbitrarily complex command-line syntax.