Morphology and Mechanical Properties of Surfactant Aggregates at Water−Silica Interfaces:  Molecular Dynamics Simulations

TitleMorphology and Mechanical Properties of Surfactant Aggregates at Water−Silica Interfaces:  Molecular Dynamics Simulations
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsShah, K, Chiu, P, Jain, M, Fortes, J'AB, Moudgil, B, Sinnott, S
JournalLangmuir
Volume21
Issue12
Pagination 5337–5342
AbstractDilute and concentrated surfactant systems at the solid-liquid interface are examined using classical molecular dynamics simulations. Particular emphasis is placed on understanding how surfactants aggregate and form the micellar structure, how micelles change shape at high concentrations in aqueous media and in the presence of hydrophilic surfaces, and at what force this micellar structure breaks apart during indentation of micelle-covered surfaces with a proximal probe microscope tip. The specific system of interest is C12TAB (n-dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide) surfactant in an aqueous medium that is modeled with empirical potentials. The simulations predict that the micelle structure in water is compact and either spherical or elliptical in shape. In the presence of a hydrophilic surface of silica, the structure evolves into a flat elliptical shape, in agreement with experimental findings. The simulated indentation of the micelle/silica system causes the micelle to break apart at an indentation force of about 1 nN and form a surfactant monolayer. The predicted force curve is in excellent agreement with experimental measurements.